CAMBRIDGE IELTS 11 READING TEST 1 ANSWERS

Cambridge IELTS 11 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. READINGIELTS.COM will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 11 reading test 1 with detail explanations.

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Passage 1: Crop-growing skyscrapers

Questions 1-7: Complete the sentences below.

1. Some food plants, including...., are already grown indoors

=> Answer: tomatoes

Key words: already grown indoors

Based  on  the  question  and  particularly  the  key  words,  we  need  to  find  the  information  about  a particular plant  that has  been already grown indoors.  In the  first  sentence  of paragraph 2, the  author mentions  "The concept  of  indoor farming  is  not  new, since hothouse production  of  tomatoes  and other produce has been in vogue for some time". This means that tomatoes, along with other produce, have been produced in heated houses (indoors) for a long period of time.

=> already = not new = in vogue for some time

grown indoors = hothouse production

2. Vertical  farms  would  be  located  in....,  meaning  that  there  would  be  less  need  to  take  them  long distances to customers

=>Answer: urban centers/centres

Key words: vertical farm, located, distances

Based  on  the  question  and  particularly  the  key  words,  we  know  that  we  need  to  find   the information  about  vertical  farms  in  terms  of  location  and  transportation  in  the  passage.  Paragraph  2 says  "Situatedin  the  heart  of  urban  centres,  they  (vertical  farms)  would  drastically  reduce  the amount of transportation required to bring food to customers".

- located=situated

- distance=transportation

3. Vertical farms could use methane from plants and animals to produce....

=> Answer: energy

Key words: methane, produce

Based on the question and particularly the key words, we need to find the information about how methane  is  used.  "Methane"  is  mentioned  in  paragraph  4.  .  So  we  focus  on  this  paragraph.  The paragraph says "Although the system would consume energy, it would return energy to the grid via methane generation from composting non-edible parts of plants"

=> produce = return

4. The consumption of....would be cut because agricultural vehicles would be unnecessary.

=> Answer: fossil fuels

Key words: consumption, cut, vehicles

Based  on the question and particularly the key words, we need to  find the information  about  the reduced  consumption  of  something.  At  the  end  of  paragraph  4,  the  author  indicates  "It  would  also dramatically reduce fossil fuel use, by cutting out the need for tractors, ploughs and shipping"

consumption = use

Cut = reduce

Vehicles = tractors

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5. The fact that vertical farms would need...light is a disadvantage

=> Answer: artificial

Key words: need, light, disadvantage

Based on the question and particularly the key words, we need to find the information about a type of light that vertical farms need. At the beginning of paragraph 5,  the author says "A major draw back of vertical farming, however, is that the plants would require artificial light"

=> need = require

Disadvantage = drawback

6. One form of vertical farming involves planting in...which are not fixed.

=> Answer: (stacked) trays

Key words: One form, planting, not fixed.

Based on the question and particularly the key words, we need to find the information about a type of  vertical  farming  and  where  it  is  planted.  At  the  beginning  of  paragraph  6,  the  author  says  "One variation on vertical farming that has been developed is to grow plants in stacked trays that move on rails"

One form = One variation

Plant = grow

not fixed = move on rails

7. The most probable development is that food will be grown on... in towns and cities

=> Answer: (urban) rooftops

Key words: most probable, grown on, towns and cities

Based  on  the  question  and  particularly  the  key  words,  we  need  to  find  the  information  about place(s)  where  food  can  be  best  grown  on.  At  the  end  of  the  passage,  the  author  mentions  "Most experts  currently believe  it  is  far  more  likely  that  we  will  simply use  the  space  available  on  urban rooftops"

=> most probable = far more likely

towns and cities = urban

Questions 8-13: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?

8. Methods for predicting the Earth‟s population have recently changed

=> Answer: NOT GIVEN

Key words: have recently changed

In  the first  paragraph, the author just  mentions  that  "applying the most  conservative  estimates to current demographic trends" to predict the future population. No information about recent changes in population predicting methods is given .  So the answer ...