Cambridge IELTS 13 Reading Test 4 Answers

Cambridge IELTS 13 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. READINGIELTS.COM will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 13 reading test 4 with detail explanations.

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Passage 1: CUTTY SARK: THE FASTEST SAILING SHIP OF ALL TIME

Questions 1-8: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

1. Clippers were originally intended to be used as passenger ships

Key words: clippers, originally, passengerAt the beginning of paragraph 2, we find the statement: “The fastest commercial sailing vessels of all time were clippers, three-masted ships built to transport goods around the world, although some also took passengers”.So, clippers were built/used originally to transport goods, not to carry passengers.

- ships = vessels

The statement is FALSE.

2. Cutty Sark was given the name of a character in a poem

Key words: name, character, poemIn paragraph 3, the writer explains how the ship was given its name: “Cutty Sark’s unusual name comes from the poem Tam O’Shanter by the Scottish poet, Robert Burns. Tam, a farmer, is chased by a witch called Nannie, who is wearing a ‘cutty sark’ – an oldScottish name for a short nightdress”.A cutty sark, therefore, is a short nightdress, not the name of a character in the poem. It was a piece of clothing worn by the witch in the poem.The statement is FALSE.

3. The contract between John Willis and Scott & Linton favoured Willis

Key words: contract, Willis, Scott & LintonIn paragraph 4, we find the key words: “To carry out construction, Willis chose a new shipbuilding firm, Scott & Linton, and ensured that the contract with them put him in a very strong position. In the end, the firm was forced out of business...”To be ‘in a strong position’ means that the contract gave Willis an advantage in the business deal. In other words, the contract favoured Willis so much, that the shipbuilding company had to close before the ship was finished.

- favoured ~ put in a very strong position

The statement is TRUE.

4. John Willis wanted Cutty Sark to be the fastest tea clipper travelling between the UK and China

Key words: Willis, fastest, UK, ChinaAt the beginning of paragraph 5, we find some of the key words: Willis, Britain (the UK) and China. “Willis’s company was active in the tea trade between China and Britain, where speed could bring ship owners both profits and prestige, so Cutty Sark was designed to make the journey more quickly than any other ship”.So the idea of Willis was that Cutty Sark would transport the tea between China and the UK faster than any other ship.

- the fastest tea clipper ~ more quickly than any other ship.

The statement is TRUE.

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5. Despite storm damage, Cutty Sark beat Thermopylae back to London 

Key words: storm damage, beat Thermopylae, London

We need to find information on the race from China to London between these tea clippers. At the end of paragraph 5, we learn that: “...in 1872, the ship and a rival clipper, Thermopylae, left port in China on the same day...”Although Cutty Sark gained a lead, she was damaged: “...but then her rudder was severely damaged in stormy seas...Cutty Sark reached London a week afterThermopylae”.

Cutty Sark was damaged by a storm, so she only reached London after Thermopylae. The statement is FALSE.

6. The opening of the Suez Canal meant that steam ships could travel between Britain and China faster than clippers

Key words: Suez Canal, steam ships, fasterThe key words are found at the beginning of paragraph 6: “Steam ships posed a growing threat to clippers, as their speed and cargo capacity increased. In addition, the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869...had a serious impact”.The writer then explains why only steam ships could make use of the Suez Canal, and this meant that the steam ships could make the journey faster than clippers, using this short route: “Steam ships reduced the journey time between Britain and China by approximately two months”.

- travel faster ~ reduced the journey time

The statement is TRUE.

7. Steam ships sometimes used the ocean route to travel between London and China

Key words: ocean route, London and ChinaAlthough the writer says in paragraph 6 that only steam ships were able to use the Suez Canal, there is no information whether steam ships sometimes chose to make the journey between London and China using the longer ocean route.The statement is NOT GIVEN.

8. Captain Woodget put Cutty Sark at risk of hitting an iceberg

Key words: Captain Woodget, risk, icebergCaptain Woodget is mentioned in paragraph 8. An excellent navigator, he took Cutty Sark on a route travelling a long way south to take advantage of the winds: “...Woodget took her further south than any previous captain, bringing her dangerously close to icebergs off the southern tip of South America. His gamble paid off, though, and the ship was the fastest vessel in the wool trade for ten years”.So, Woodget took a risk by travelling this southern route, close to icebergs. However, he was successful.

- risk = gamble- put Cutty Sark at risk of hitting an iceberg ~ bringing her dangerously close to icebergs

The statement is TRUE.

Questions 9-13: Complete the sentences below.

9. After 1880, Cutty Sark carried .............. as its main cargo during its most successful time

Key words: 1880, cargo, most successfulLooking for the key words, we find these in paragraph 7. In 1880, two captains of the ship lost their jobs. Then, a new captain was ap...