Cambridge IELTS 13 Reading Test 2 Answers

Cambridge IELTS 13 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. READINGIELTS.COM will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 13 reading test 2 with detail explanations.

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Passage 1: BRINGING CINNAMON TO EUROPE

Questions 1-9: Complete the notes below.Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

1. Biblical times: added to...............

Key words: biblical, addedLooking for the key words, we find a reference to biblical times in paragraph 1. “It was known in biblical times, and is mentioned in several books of the Bible, both as an ingredient that was mixed with oils for anointing people’s bodies and.....” So, cinnamon was used with oils.

- added to = mixed with

The answer is oils.

2. Biblical times: used to show......... between people

Key words: biblical, showIn the same sentence in paragraph 1, we find another use for cinnamon in biblical times. The passage continues: “...and also as a token indicating friendship amonglovers and friends”.

- show = indicate- people = lovers and friends

The answer is friendship.

3. Ancient Rome: used for its sweet smell at...........

Key words: Rome, sweet smellThe use of cinnamon in Ancient Rome is also described in paragraph 1. “In ancient Rome, mourners attending funerals burnt cinnamon to create a pleasant scent”.

- sweet smell = pleasant scent

The answer is funerals.

4. Middle Ages: was an indication of a person’s.........

Key words: Middle Ages, indicationThe Middle Ages are first mentioned in paragraph 1. Here, we find: “In the Middle Ages, Europeans who could afford the spice used it to flavour food, particularly meat, and to impress those around them with their ability to purchase an expensive condiment from the ‘exotic’ East. At a banquet, a host would offer guests a plate with various spices piled upon it as a sign of the wealth at his or her disposal”.Thus, at this time few people could afford spices such as cinnamon. If you could offer it to guests, this indicated that you were wealthy.

- indication = sign

The answer is wealth.

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5. known as a treatment for ............. and other health problems

Key words: treatment, health problemsThe medical use of cinnamon is referred to at the end of paragraph 1: “Cinnamon was also reported to have health benefits, and was thought to cure various ailments, such asindigestion”. Indigestion is mentioned as a specific health problem, for which cinnamon was a treatment.

- treatment = cure- health problems = ailments

The answer is indigestion.

6. grown in............

In paragraph 2, the writer describes how Arab traders/merchants transported cinnamon. “They took it from India, where it was grown.....”The answer is India.

7. merchants used.......... to bring it to the Mediterranean

Key words: merchants, MediterraneanThe same sentence in paragraph 2 continues: “where it was grown, on camels via anoverland route to the Mediterranean”.Thus, cinnamon was brought to the Mediterranean using camels.The answer is camels.

8. arrived in the Mediterranean at.................

Key words: arrived, MediterraneanIn the next sentence, we find the answer to Q8: “Their journey ended when they reached Alexandria”.When the journey ended, this means that they had arrived – they had reached their destination – Alexandria, which we are told is a port in the Mediterranean.

- arrived = reached

The answer is Alexandria.

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9. traders took it to ............... and sold it to destinations around Europe

Key words: traders, sold, destinations, EuropeThe next sentences in paragraph 2 then provide the answer to Q9. When cinnamon arrived in Alexandria: “European traders sailed there to purchase their supply ofcinnamon, then brought it back to Venice. The spice then travelled from that great trading city to markets all around Europe”.Thus, the traders took/brought the cinnamon to Venice.

- destinations = markets

The answer is Venice.

Questions 10-13: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1 ?

10. The Portuguese had control over the cinnamon trade in Ceylon throughout the 16th century.

Key words: Portuguese, Ceylon, throughout, 16th centuryLooking for the key words, we find ‘Portuguese’ and ‘Ceylon’ at the beginning of paragraph 3. All of paragraph 3 is about how the Portuguese controlled and increased the production of cinnamon, building a fort in 1518 to maintain their control of Ceylon during all of the 16th century. “In 1518, the Portuguese built a fort on Ceylon, which enabled them to protect the island, so helping them to develop a monopoly in the cinnamon trade and generate very high profits”.

- control over ~ a monopoly in

The statement is TRUE.

11. The Dutch took over the cinnamon trade from the Portuguese as soon as they arrived in Ceylon.

Key words: Dutch, took over, arrived, CeylonThe arrival of the Dutch is described at the beginning of paragraph 4. “When the Dutcharrived off the coast of southern Asia at the very beginning of the 17th century, they set their sights on displacing the Portuguese as kings of cinnamon.... By 1640, the Dutch broke the 150-year Portuguese monopoly when they overran and occupied their factories. By 1658, they had permanently expelled the Portuguese from the island, thereby gaining control of the lucrative cinnamon trade”.

From this history, we learn that the Dutch arrived early in the 17th century, but they did not gain complete cont...