IELTS LISTENING PART 2 | TEST 5

Questions 11–20

IELTS LISTENING PART 2 | TEST 5

Questions 11–15

Match the creatures to their behaviour.

Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D next to each description.

IELTS LISTENING PART 2 | TEST 5

Questions 16 and 17

Answer the questions below. Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer

IELTS LISTENING PART 2 | TEST 5

Questions 18–20

Complete the sentences below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer

IELTS LISTENING PART 2 | TEST 5

Answers

Questions 11–15

11. Answer: C

  • Key words:  feed, guardrail
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “As you know, this cave is famous for its wildlife, and one of the creatures you will observe in here is the small cave cockroach.  They live mostly on the bird and bat droppings that are so plentiful in the caves. The guardrails along the trails are covered with these droppings, and this makes a feast for thecockroaches…”
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (C):
    • feed on = feast
    • beside = along
    • path = trails
  • Explanation: “The guardrails beside the path” is the same as “the guardrails along the trails” in the recording. It is said that the droppings (= the excrement) from birds and bats make “a feast for the cockroaches”, with “this” referring to the droppings on the guardrails and “feast” meaning an abundant meal.  Thus, it is understood that cockroaches feed on the guardrails. The correct answer is therefore C.

12. Answer: D

  • Key words: dangerous
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “Once you are in the main caves, look out for the green centipedes…..Please, please do not try to pick one up though; these centipedes have a very nasty poisonous bite.
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (D):
    • dangerous = poisonous
  • Explanation: According to the speaker, the cockroaches will not harm you; and there is no mention about whether swifts and bats can be dangerous to people, so A, B and C are all incorrect. 
  • On the other hand, it is said that the centipedes’ bite is poisonous, which means it can this creature is dangerous to people. Hence, the answer is D.

13. Answer: B

  • Key words: collect, groups
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “The bats in this cave are mostly a type of dwarf bat, which are common in this part of the world. They will be clustered high up against the walls – maybe a hundred or two hundred together.
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (B):
    • collect = cluster
  • Explanation: With regard to the bats, it is said that “They will be clustered high up against the walls – maybe a hundred or two hundred together”. The word “cluster” (verb) means “to gather into a group”, so in this case it is similar to “collect”. 
  • In addition, there are about 100 or 200 bats in the group, which can be considered a large group, hence we can paraphrase this sentence into “they will collect into large groups, maybe 100 or 200 together”. Thus is correct.

14. Answer: B

  • Key words: fly, only, night
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “They sleep all day until they all leave the cave in a massive flock on their nightly hunt for flying insects”.
  • Explanation: The speaker is still talking about the bats. They sleep all day and only go out at night to hunt, indicating that they only fly at night. The correct answer is therefore B.

15. Answer: A

  • Key words: roof, cave
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “The swifts make nests, usually higher up on the ceiling of the cave.
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (A):
    • roof = ceiling
  • Explanation: A nest is where birds in general and the swifts in particular live, so saying they make nests on the ceiling of the cave also means they live there. Since “ceiling” is similar to “roof”, it can also be interpreted that the swifts live on the roof of the cave. Thus, is correct.

Questions 16–17

16. Answer: fertilisers

  • Key words: guano, used
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “The guano is very valuable as fertiliser, so it’s collected each year….”
  • Explanation: The speaker tells the visitors that in the centre of the cave there a lot of droppings from the bats and the swifts.  These droppings are guano.  They are collected once a year, and the guano is used as fertiliser.
  • The answer is fertilisers.

17. Answer: soup

  • Key words:  nests, used
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “These very flimsy looking sets of poles that go a full hundred metres, right up to the roof, are what the locals climb up to gather the swifts’ nests.  These are even more valuable than the guano, as they are the main ingredient in bird’s nest soup”.
  • Explanation:  The speaker talks about the long poles made of bamboo.  They are used to climb up to collect the nests of the birds, and these are used to make soup.
  • The answer is soup.

Questions 18–20

18. Answer: (working) light/ torch

  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “Before you begin, it’s time for some safety instructions……it is dark inside, of course…that’s why I insisted that you bring a working light – please check that it shines brightly, and ensure that you stay together with others who have a good torch”.
  • Explanation:  The first of the safety instructions for the visitors is that they should bring a good light into the cave.  There are two possible correct answers:
  • The answer is (working) light;  torch.

19. Answer: waterproof jacket

  • Key words: wear, hat
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “It is a good idea to put your waterproof jacket on now…….. and of course, your hat or hood also keeps you safe from animal droppings”.
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (waterproof jacket):
    • wear = put on
  • Explanation:  In the cave, the speaker advises visitors to wear a waterproof jacket.  The reason is that droppings from the birds and bats may fall from the roof.  Therefore, visitors should also wear a hat.
  • The answer is waterproof jacket.

20. Answer: (marked) trails/ path

  • Key words:  keep to
  • Here’s what the speaker says:
    • “You must absolutely follow the marked trails…….Keep your torches shining on the path whenever you are moving, just to be sure of your footing, and don’t try to go too fast”.
  • Here are some key words that help you to get the correct answer (marked trails/path):
    • keep to = follow
  • Explanation:  The final piece of warning advice from the speaker is that visitors must follow the path.  Again, there are two possible correct answers:  
  • The answer is (marked) trails/path.

Transcript

You will hear a tour guide talking to a group of tourists who are visiting a cave in Vietnam First you have some time to look at questions 11 to 15.

Now listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 15.

Good morning, everyone. Welcome to our visit to one of the most famous caves in Vietnam.

As you know, this cave is famous for its wildlife, and one of the creatures you will observe in here is the small cave cockroach. They live mostly on the bird and bat droppings that are so plentiful in the caves. The guardrails along the trails are covered with these droppings, and this makes a feast for the cockroaches, so be careful where you put your hands. They will not harm you, but it can be a shock if you touch them!

Once you are in one of the main caves, look out for the green centipedes. They will not be on the trail but can often be seen on the wall close by. They feed on other insects and are fascinating to look at because of their colour, and, of course, their many legs. Please, please do not try to pick one up though; these centipedes have a very nasty poisonous bite. There are also deep red millipedes. These have a fully rounded shape, and they look like a streamlined elongated train with a hundred or so closely packed legs extending right and left.

When you get to the large high caves, you should look right up above you for the swifts and bats. The bats in this cave are mostly a type of dwarf bat, which are common in this part of the world. They will be clustered high up against the walls – maybe a hundred or two hundred together. They look like shadows high on the walls of the cave. They are likely to be very quiet right now, but because there are so many of them together you will have no difficulty identifying them. They sleep all day until they all leave the cave in a massive flock on their nightly hunt for flying insects.

The swifts are the creatures you can see flying around during the day, especially if they have young ones to feed. They can navigate in the darkness here, and will fly outside in ones and twos at dusk to catch small winged insects like mosquitoes. However they tend to return before it is pitch black outside, and they do not hunt at night. The swifts make nests, usually higher up on the ceiling of the cave.

Before you hear the rest of the talk, you have some time to look at questions 16 to 20

Now listen and answer questions 16 to 20.

The paths tend to run around the edges of the large caves. Mostly this is because the centre is a mound of guano – the bird and bat droppings. This is also the source of the strong smell inside the caves. You may not like this smell, but the locals know its economic value. They have harvested the products of these caves for centuries. The guano is very valuable as fertiliser, and so it’s collected each year, once the young birds have grown and the swifts have abandoned their nests.

The guano is not the only valuable by-product of the wildlife here. As you travel through the caves, you will notice some bamboo structures. These very flimsy looking sets of poles that go a full hundred metres, right up to the roof, are what the locals climb up to gather the swift’s nests. These are even more valuable than the guano, as they are the main ingredient in bird’s nest soup.

Before you begin, it’s time for some safety instructions. As you probably know, this is a huge limestone cave that goes about one kilometre back into the hills and in places it’s a hundred metres in height and three hundred metres wide. There is no need to crawl around in here as you do in other caves, but it is dark inside, of course … that’s why I insisted that you bring a working light – please check that it shines brightly, and ensure that you stay together with others who have a good torch. In one of the larger areas of the cave, the roof is pierced so some sunlight will get through. It is best to turn your torches off if you can see well, and save your batteries.

It is a good idea to put your waterproof jacket on now. The walls may be wet but that is not the main reason for the jacket. The bats and birds do excrete, and they are above you, so just in case … and of course, your hat or hood also keeps you safe from animal droppings. It’s not advisable to use the guardrails as handholds. There are lots of droppings on those rails, and don’t forget the cockroaches!

You absolutely must follow the marked trails. The guardrails on either side are put there so that you cannot mistake them. We take no responsibility for your safety if you go over or under the rails into other cave areas.

Keep your torches shining on the path whenever you are moving, just to be sure of your footing, and don’t try to go too fast. You might trip, and you will certainly miss some of the fascinating wildlife in the cave.

Now it’s time to begin the tour …

IELTS Listening Part 2 British Council

IELTS LISTENING PART 2

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